HMC surgeons perform rare kidney transplant

HMC surgeons perform rare kidney transplant

By QLNews

In an impressive, new medical feat for Qatar, a team of kidney transplant surgeons at Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC) has successfully performed a rare kidney transplant involving a patient whose blood type was incompatible with that of the donor.

A blood type match between the donor and recipient of an organ, like a whole liver or kidney, is a must.

This extraordinary surgery in Qatar makes HMC one of the very few organ transplant centers in the world that perform transplant surgery for a donor and recipient whose blood type does not match.

Such centers represent only 5 percent of the total organ transplant centers worldwide.

According to Medical Director of HMC's Hamad General Hospital and Head of Qatar Organ Transplant Centre, Dr Yousuf Al Maslamani this is a great leap for Qatar’s healthcare sector.

“The healthcare sector's advancement coupled with the highly trained clinical teams and state of the art medical technology placed Qatar's healthcare system among the best healthcare systems in the world,” he said.

"A great deal of preoperative preparation work, specialized technology, and certain surgical expertise are needed for this rare type of surgery. That is the reason why very few organ transplant centers take up this laborious task", Dr Al Maslamani added.

This type of surgery requires careful preparation that starts at the laboratory, and then moves to the hospital where the antibodies are removed from the recipient's blood through a repeated filtration process.

Following the transplant, the recipient undergoes routine tests as well as daily tests to check levels of antibodies in the blood to ensure that they are within normal range. If not, then the filtration process is repeated as a precautionary measure.

The success of the transplant between a donor and a recipient whose blood-type do not match opens the door for more transplants from living donors.

With this in mind, we anticipate a 20 percent rise in the number of kidney transplants in Qatar. About 20 organ transplant surgeries, involving living and brain-dead donors, have been performed at HMC last year, Dr Al Maslamani highlighted.

"HMC has all human and technical capabilities and is ready to launch a pancreatic transplantation program, but we haven't had yet a case that meets the medical requirements for pancreas transplantation from a deceased donor," he further added.

In Qatar, kidney transplantation from living donors is only performed among related family members, and the available state-of-the-art technologies have made it possible to extract kidneys from living donors through simple laparoscopic procedures.

An organ transplant can be a life-saving procedure and can significantly improve the quality of life for someone with chronic organ failure.

These life-saving organs come from deceased donors who have pledged during their lifetime to give their organs to someone in need. A deceased organ donor can save up to eight lives.

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