Current laws of working in Qatar

Current laws of working in Qatar

Doha Socialite
By Doha Socialite

One should always be aware of the laws that an individual is governed by, especially in a foreign country. It is important that you respect a country's law. Failing to do so may result in serious consequences.

However, as employees, you also have some rights that come along with your duties.
 
Many of you may or may not be aware of some of the laws related to employment. Below you will find some basic terms and important information regarding the labor laws in Qatar.

What is basic salary?

It is the salary paid to you in return for the work done for a specific period of time or on the bases of number or quantity of items produced, including annual increments and nothing else. 
 
How are the usual salary packages? 

It is basic salary plus all bonuses and allowances you receive for the work you do, irrespective of designation or how it is calculated.
 
What is a probation period in contract?

It means the period that a worker is under observation to prove that he is competent to continue in the job. It must not exceed six months which is the maximum limit, from the date of joining work. The employer can cancel your contract during this period. He must, however, give you notice of his intention three days ahead of termination of contract.
 
Is it permissible for your employer to make you work on a job other than the one agreed on? 

– It is legal if the intention is to prevent accidents, or if it is for repairing damage caused by those accidents, without harming any of your legal rights because of the change in the nature of work.

– It is also legal if the work is of temporary nature; not greatly different from your original work; does not imply injustice and as long as your salary is the same.
 
If there was no contract between you and your employer, how do you prove that you have worked for him?

– By your salary transfer to the bank
– Your signature on salary receipt
– Testimony by your work colleagues and other legal methods
 
What is vocational training contract?

– Qatari labour laws require an employer who is hiring fifty or more workers to provide technical training to Qatari nationals equivalent to five percent of his workforce. The trainees are nominated by the Department of Labour, according to the training programmes adopted by the ministry.

– The vocational training contract is recorded in writing, with the profession or craft indicated. It also specifies training stages, period, and amount to be paid to the trainees.

– It is legal for either party to terminate a training contract any time for valid reasons, and a written notice seven days ahead of the date of termination.

 
Renewal of Contract

What is a fixed-term contract? 

– It is a contract that implies finishing a job within specified period or dealing with a specific job and ends with the completion of that job. These are such contracts as made by an employer with workers for services to be concluded within a specific period, such as ceremonies and conferences, or for specific job such as renovation, or painting of a house.

– Temporary contract ends as the work agreed upon in the contract is completed and if the employer did not express his wish to renew your contract or legally transfer you (secondment), or give you sponsorship transfer to another company or business, you must leave the country as the termination makes your stay illegal. 
 
Is a “fixed-term” contract considered to be spontaneously renewed if you continue to work (with employer’s consent) following expiry of the contract?
 
If the contract is fixed-term and the two parties adhere to it after its expiry date without a formal agreement, the contract is considered automatically renewed as per conditions mentioned in it for a similar period and is considered as extension of the previous period. Your employment is counted from the start of service for the employer. 

If the “work stated in contract” is finished but you continue to work for your employer, will that be considered renewal of contract?

If the subject of the contract is the execution of a specific work which is finished with the expiry of the contract, but the work by its nature is renewable, while adherence to the contract continues after the work agreed on is finished, then the contract is considered as renewed for another similar period through the agreement of both parties- it remains a fixed-term contract.  

For example, if the agreement in the contract was to manufacture and install specific number of doors for the employer, and the work is done, then the contract ends with the completion of the work.

Example: if the contract by nature is renewable, for example the agreement is for installing 10 A/C units in a building with 100 flats and the contract reads: install 10 A/C units in 10 flats. If these units are installed and the work continues after that, the contract is considered automatically renewed for a similar period, with same conditions- the contract will remain a fixed-term contract.
 
Working Hours
 
Is there any time-limit on working hours?

Eight hours daily is the standard, with one hour rest period in between for prayer, lunch etc. The rest period is not included as part of actual work hours. 

– During Ramadan, it is six hours with rest period in between, not included as part of actual working hours.
 
Is it legal to make you work extra hours?

It is legal to work extra hours, provided the total hours do not exceed 10 hours, unless there is a necessity that calls for continuous work to prevent huge loss, or to repair or lessen the effects of an accident.
 
Is payment for extra hours mandatory?

You receive payment for any overtime you work equivalent to not less than the basic salary earned for usual work hours plus not less than 25 percent of the basic salary. That is if your usual work hour basic salary is QR20, you are entitled to QR25 for every extra hour you work.
 
Are there jobs where continuous work without a break is permitted?

This is permissible in certain jobs of a particular nature. Such jobs are notified by the minister, such as guarding duties.
 
Vacations and Holidays:
 
Is it legal to make you work on your weekly holiday?

– Friday is your usual weekly holiday, except for shift workers.

– It is legal to make you work on a Friday if work conditions necessitate that, on condition that you are paid for it equivalent to your basic salary and compensated for your day off with another day, or you are paid the basic salary plus 150 percent of it. For example: If your basic salary is QR100, you must receive QR250 if you work on your holiday.

– It is illegal to make you work on more than two consecutive holidays.

– If your duties are from 9pm to 3am, your employer must pay you your basic salary, plus an extra 50 percent. That is if your basic salary is QR50, you must receive QR75 if you work between nine in the evening and three in the morning. Shift workers are excluded.
 
What are the usual official holidays and do you deserve any payment if you are called to work on those days?

Annually, you are entitled to following holidays with full payment:
– Three days for Eid Al Fitr
– Three days for Eid Al Adha
– One day on the National Day (the 18th of December every year)
– Three days decided by employer

-National Sports Day, held annually on the second Tuesday of February.
– If there is a necessity for you to work on any of these holidays, you should be paid a compensation

There may have been slight changes to the above mentioned laws, which may not reflect here. We'll update it to the best of our abilities. 

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By georgeT• 4 years 2 days ago.
georgeT

Dears,

Can anyone explain me whether is there any regulations regarding a continuous night shift? I was working on night shift since one year and I have never been granted a shift routine, though I personally requested many times and my request never been considered. Kindly assist me with a Qatar Labor law, regulation regarding my issue. Kindly help.

By britexpat• 4 years 3 months ago.
britexpat

Your employer is pulling a fast one .. Go talk to Hunan Rights Commission in the first instance

By dlimp• 4 years 3 months ago.
dlimp

My employer told me that if my salary is 4000Qar above, my cancelled day off will be treated as extra day off however, I do not have a reliever so I continuously work 7 days week for 4 months now. They said, they will not pay it and convert to extra off. Is it legal that they are not going to pay this cancel off as overtime pay and converted as extra off? How will I avail this extra off if I do not have a reliever and still they are not giving me a day off up to now. Please advise. Thank you

By britexpat• 5 years 4 months ago.
britexpat

So, we can see that the laws are there, but companies are still flouting them and there is nothing the workers cn do abot it :O(

By Jojimaru• 5 years 4 months ago.
Rating: 5/5
Jojimaru

Our company is letting us work 11 hours (1 hour break) without paying overtime since I joined last October, 2014. And deducting from our salary if we will be absent for a certain day. They always promise for compensation but I haven't received a single QAR since then.

By bongex2009• 6 years 7 months ago.
bongex2009

hello every one i just want to ask if the Emplyeer or the Company didn't give NOC for Employee. what should we will do. And is there any sanction for for the Company if they will not give NOC for the Employee who want to leave and find a better Salary?

By forwel• 6 years 8 months ago.
forwel

hello

i want to ask If the translation is not matched meaning the contract is indefinite in Arabic and two years in English .

which one will work?

By rameesmk• 6 years 12 months ago.
rameesmk

Is that Possible if i got a new job in a Government sector, need an NOC from current employer ?

By sTrangR• 6 years 12 months ago.
Rating: 5/5
sTrangR

what is going on here . if some labor with salary 800+200 take one day leave and if he is not able to submit a medical report from Hamad hospital in Doha ( which is far from labor camps and companies will not provide transportation to hospitals ) , companies are fucking their 3 days salary .

Overtime is not as per Qatar labour rules , but each company has given permission by Labour ministries to make their own decision regarding over time . People are forced to work more than 14-18 hours and if they deny to work

their salary will be deducted for 3 days .

Foreman and managements are willing to do this to make their Boss happy . What a fucking world . This should be brought to the attention of international trade unions as Qatar govt. is helpless

By mayhem• 6 years 12 months ago.
Rating: 4/5
mayhem

The 3 floating days are to the discretion of the employee with the approval of the employer. And not the other way as mentioned above.

By jshyne• 6 years 12 months ago.
jshyne

Sorry mean to ask who are the people this is referring to?

By jshyne• 6 years 12 months ago.
Rating: 5/5
jshyne

Articles 76 says.

The provisions of Articles 73, 74 & 75 of this law shall not apply to

the persons occupying responsible positions if these positions confer

upon the occupiers thereof powers exercisable by the employer over

the workers.

The provisions of Article 73 shall not apply to the following categories:

1. The workers carrying out preparatory and complementary works

that shall be performed before or after the working time.

2. Guarding and cleaning workers.

3. The other categories of workers to be specified by a Decision of

the Minister. The maximum working hours for these works shall

be specified by a Decision of the Minister.

My Question: What are the people this article referring to, please give example of position this is referring to. Thx.

By Ram2008• 6 years 12 months ago.
Ram2008

Can the workers comeback in Doha and joint another company after resignation and go exit from previous employer?Were He or She finished their contract? What need to do. If they wanted to joint another company or there is a good offer from another company? please advice and Help..!!!

By Ram2008• 6 years 12 months ago.
Ram2008

Can the workers comeback in Doha and joint another company after resignation and go exit from previous employer?Were He or She finished their contract? What need to do. If they wanted to joint another company or there is a good offer from another company? please advice and Help..!!!

By Parvaiz• 6 years 12 months ago.
Rating: 2/5
Parvaiz

Nyc info , If company will terminate after probation period , what labor law says in this regard ?

By friendlyme• 7 years 1 hour ago.
Rating: 5/5
friendlyme

National Sports Day is a national holiday in Qatar, held annually on the second Tuesday in February.

By SamKhan796• 7 years 1 hour ago.
SamKhan796

I need some serious feedback on a very serious note, because i am in this situation and i want to go to my country for some personal reason, but they are delaying, even they are not updating me about any thing

By SamKhan796• 7 years 1 hour ago.
SamKhan796

And what if someone resigns from Army during probation and they take more then one month for approval?

What if your resignation is unapproved without any reason?

What if you are getting really n seriously sick because of all this they are creating?

By SamKhan796• 7 years 1 hour ago.
SamKhan796

What about the rights for expats working in Army

By muhammad yasir siddiqui• 7 years 1 hour ago.
Rating: 5/5
muhammad yasir siddiqui

Great..

Thanks for sharing this information by the way most of the private companies are not following these rules.....

anyways now I can take 3 days off on Eid :P

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